Studies

Lloyd’s & Koreans LNG Bunkering Pact

September 19, 2016 in Companies, LNG, Marine, Studies by Rich Piellisch  |  No Comments

Collaboration to Study Ship-to-Ship LNG Bunkering
Given Current Absence of Standards and Guidelines,
Goal Is ‘to Help All Stakeholders with Interest in LNG’

Lloyd’s Register says it’s collaborating with Hyundai Heavy Industries and Hyundai Mipo Dockyard on a compatibility study of ship-to-ship bunkering of liquefied natural gas container ships. The study “will comprehensively review the design requirements between 6.6K LNG bunkering ships and 14K TEU LNG-fueled container ships with the goal of verifying safe ship-to-ship LNG bunkering…

This item was initially posted on September 9
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DNV Advises Europe on Marine LNG

July 15, 2016 in LNG, Marine, Publications, Studies by Rich Piellisch  |  No Comments

355-Page Report: ‘No Technical Showstoppers Identified’

DNV GL has submitted a 255-page report on liquefied natural gas as a marine fuel to the European Union. The classification society says that gaps in Europe’s laws and regulations, and a lack of harmonized standards are impeding the take-up of LNG as a ship fuel. But there are “no technical showstoppers” in the way of completing an EU-wide framework for marine LNG distribution, bunkering and use.

All is well for marine LMG save for gaps in the regulatory framework and ‘the lack of harmonized standards,’ DNV GL says in a summary of its 255-page report to the EU.

All is well for marine LMG save for gaps in the regulatory framework and ‘the lack of harmonized standards,’ DNV GL says in a summary of its 255-page report to the EU.

“DNV GL’s assessment of the existing rules, standards and guidelines shows that from a legal point of view, there are no remaining major showstoppers for the use of LNG as fuel – both for seagoing vessels and inland waterway vessels – nor for the deployment of LNG bunker facilities,” Martin Layfield, global gas value chain segment leader with DNV GL – Oil & Gas says in a report summary.

Easy on Harmonization

“In November, members states will have to submit their national policy frameworks using the report’s recommendations,” Layfield said. “DNV GL has advised the EU to implement a low/moderate harmonization scenario as the most workable policy option …

“This will reduce effort in implementation, delays and administrative burden while still enabling standardization.” Full harmonization of standards, the reports finds, will make for far more expensive LNG conversions and LNG-fueled newbuilds alike.

‘The World Expects The Energy to Be Greener’

“The next three decades will see substantial increase in energy demand,” said Liv Hovem, regional manager for Continental Europe, North and East Africa with DNV GL – Oil & Gas. “At the same time, a big part of the world expects the energy to be greener, more reliable and more affordable,” she said.

“This is what we refer to as the energy ‘trilemma.’ Natural gas has a key role to play in the future energy mix and Europe will continue to be a significant import hub for LNG,” Hovem said.

EMSA Wants to Know

“DNV GL is already driving harmonization through a Recommended Practice for LNG bunkering and is well placed to support member states as well as port authorities and the wider industry with guidance on adopting the guidance into their own legislation, in much the same way as we are doing with the industry on the EU Offshore Directive,” she added.

The latest report is part of the high-profile Study on the Completion of an EU Framework on LNG-Fuelled Ships and Its Relevant Fuel Provision Infrastructure commissioned by DG MOVE, the European Commission, Directorate-General for Mobility and Transport. It builds on a study commissioned by EMSA, European Maritime Safety Agency.

Martin Layfield and Liv Hovem of DNV GL – Oil & Gas

Martin Layfield and Liv Hovem of DNV GL – Oil & Gas

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Source: DNV GL with HHP Insight follow-up

MARAD Cites Study Urging LNG Caution

March 9, 2016 in LNG, Marine, Studies by Rich Piellisch  |  No Comments

Emissions from Bunkering Operations, Study Finds,
Could Exceed Releases Due to Methane Slip at the Engine

The federal Maritime Administration called attention late last month to a joint University of Delaware-Rochester Institute of Technology study on liquefied natural gas as a marine fuel.

It’s got to be done right: recent short-to-ship bunkering of the pioneering Harvey Energy offshore supply vessel by Harvey Gulf International Marine at Port Fourchon, La. (HHP Insight,

It’s got to be done right: recent short-to-ship bunkering of the pioneering Harvey Energy offshore supply vessel by Harvey Gulf International Marine at Port Fourchon, La. (HHP Insight, Jan. 29.

The study, completed last year and publicized by UDel in September, quantifies methane slip and fugitive emissions from using LNG for vessel operations and bunkering.

“A key finding,” says MARAD, “is that fugitive methane emissions from bunkering operations pose a potentially greater source of methane release than methane slip at the engine.”

Local Benefits ‘a Slam-Dunk’

According to UDel, the study by James Corbett of UDel’s College of Earth, Ocean, and Environment and James Winebrake at RIT found that while the use natural gas will reduce emissions in the marine sector, “the implications for greenhouse gases depends on how the natural gas is extracted, processed, distributed and used.”

“Local and regional air pollution benefits of liquefied natural gas are a slam-dunk over traditional marine fuels, and the long run price of LNG looks to be advantageous,” Corbett says in a university release.

‘But LNG Was Not a Clear Winner for Climate Change’

“But LNG was not a clear winner for climate change with regard to greenhouse gas implications, especially if the fuel supply infrastructure is not designed to minimize natural gas losses,” he said.

A successful transition to LNG will require “a carefully constructed infrastructure development policy that requires state-of-the-art infrastructure that minimizes leakage at the earliest stages of the fuel cycle,” UDel said.

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Source: MARAD with HHP Insight follow-up

MARAD Supports LNG Towboat Project

October 22, 2015 in Dual Fuel, LNG, Marine, Studies by Rich Piellisch  |  No Comments

$730,000 to Retrofit Ohio River Vessel with Fumigation System,
Pittsburgh Clean Cities to Collect Before-and-After Emissions Data

The federal Maritime Administration is anteing $730,000 toward the “cutting edge” conversion of an Ohio River towboat to liquefied natural gas operation. MARAD is providing the money for the two-year program via PRCC, the Department of Energy-affiliated Pittsburgh Region Clean Cities organization.

“Results from this demonstration project will help expand the development and availability of natural gas conversion technology for smaller scale tug, tow, and harbor vessels,” MARAD says. “PRCC will collect air emissions data before and after the conversion, which will allow for operational and emissions comparisons.”

On the job in Pittsburgh...

On the job in Pittsburgh…

“This public-private venture will produce the data required to further develop even cleaner and more sustainable maritime transportation options,” U.S. Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx says in MARAD’s announcement.

Technology Suitable for Older Vessels

“The idea is to demonstrate a retrofit technology,” says a source close to the project. “Boats last a long time,” he told HHP Insight. “You have to find a way to modify currently existing vessels.”

The partners will use a fumigation system, he says, with natural gas injected via the engine’s air intake.

Scrubbers for Interlake’s Lee A. Tregurtha

Via a separate cooperative agreement, MARAD is to provide $500,000 to Cleveland-based Interlake Steamship Company to retrofit the Lee A. Tregurtha, which operates on the Great Lakes, with exhaust gas-scrubber technology.

“This modification will significantly reduce sulfur emissions and meet or exceed North American Emissions Control Area requirements for the 800-foot, bulk-cargo vessel,” the agency says. Interlake will provide MARAD with pre- and post-installation air emissions data, “and lessons learned on scrubber installation and operation.”

Commercial Investment Foreseen

“These investments accelerate the growth of alternative fuel and environmental technologies throughout the United States’ maritime industry,” Maritime Administrator Paul ‘Chip’ Jaenichen says in the agency release.

“These projects will yield data that will support future commercial investment decisions and will provide lasting benefits for our nation while helping us reduce the industry’s environmental footprint,” he said.

These two projects are part of MARAD’s Maritime Environmental and Technical Assistance Program. The META program is administered by the Maritime Administration’s Office of Environment. It “is designed to foster collaboration with maritime stakeholders to address emerging environmental challenges.”

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Source: Maritime Administration with HHP Insight follow-up

Deltamarin and Arista for LNG Ships

October 21, 2015 in LNG, Marine, Studies by Rich Piellisch  |  No Comments

‘Project Forward’ Joint Development Initiative with ABS and GTT
Targets LNG-Fueled Bulk Carriers, Both Newbuilds and Retrofits

Partners including Deltamarin, Arista Shipping, ABS and GTT are cooperating “to equip the dry bulk carriers of the future with LNG propulsion.” updated October 26
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MARAD Backs TOTE LNG Study

October 7, 2015 in LNG, Marine, Studies by Rich Piellisch  |  No Comments

$900,000 to Further Study LNG As Propulsion Fuel for Maritime Industry:
Before-and-After Comparisons of Midnight Sun’s Emissions and Operations

The Maritime Administration has disclosed a $900,000 cooperative agreement with Totem Ocean Trailer Express “to further develop knowledge regarding the costs and benefits of vessel conversions to liquefied natural gas (LNG) propulsion.”

The Midnight Sun will be the first of Totem Ocean’s ships to be converted to LNG.

The Midnight Sun will be the first of Totem Ocean’s ships to be converted to LNG.

Tote is to convert the containership Midnight Sun to operate on LNG, the agency notes, “and will work with MARAD to obtain pre- and post-conversion air emissions data, and operational information to assist maritime stakeholders in assessing the potential of LNG conversions.

“This demonstration project on the use of LNG for containership propulsion is a part of an ongoing program to promote increased use of alternative fuels and technology in the maritime industry,” MARAD adds.

Keppel to Convert the Midnight Sun in Singapore

Work on the Midnight Sun by Keppel Offshore & Marine is slate to commence late this year in Singapore and to take about 90 days (HHP Insight, August 5).

The 839-foot vessel is to be fitted with four 12-cylinder Wärtsilä 50DF engines. Also to be included is a Wärtsilä LNGPac fuel system with twin 290,000-gallon tanks.

The study is expected to be completed by 2018, MARAD says.

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Source: MARAD with HHP Insight follow-up

Sandia Leads Study of SF Hydrogen Ferry

July 29, 2015 in hydrogen, Marine, Studies, Technology by Rich Piellisch  |  No Comments

‘SF-Breeze’ Partners Include San Francisco’s Red and White Fleet

Sandia National Laboratories and San Francisco’s Red and White Fleet are collaborating on a high-speed, hydrogen fuel cell-powered passenger ferry and fueling station. MARAD, the U.S. Transportation Department’s Maritime Administration, is funding a feasibility study to examine technical, regulatory and economic aspects. updated July 30
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USTDA Supports Panama LNG Study

July 1, 2015 in LNG, Marine, Studies by Rich Piellisch  |  No Comments

‘We Are Eager to Explore New Segments Such as LNG’

The U.S. Trade and Development Agency has awarded a grant to ACP, the Panama Canal Authority, to support the planning of a liquefied natural gas import terminal.
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WWF Canada Calls for LNG Ships

June 5, 2015 in LNG, Marine, Studies by Rich Piellisch  |  No Comments

Wildlife Advocacy Group Wants to Eliminate HFO Use by Arctic Vessels

A study commissioned by WWF-Canada, part of the World Wildlife Fund, has found that pollution risks in the Canadian Arctic could be greatly reduced by switching from HFO to liquefied natural gas.
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DNV GL Sees Slower Marine LNG Uptake

June 3, 2015 in Event/Meeting, LNG, Marine, Studies by Rich Piellisch  |  No Comments

Says Hybrid Designs and ‘Connected Ships’ Are Gaining Momentum

“Continuing high investment costs and slower development of infrastructure” have stymied the expected growth of liquefied natural gas as a marine fuel, while emerging hybrid propulsion and connected ship technologies are gaining ground faster than expected, DNV GL said at the Nor-Shipping conference in Oslo this week.
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